26 January, on this day, we Indians either organize or become a part of many patriotic programs along with hoisting the tricolor, singing the national anthem. But do you know why Republic Day is celebrated only on 26 January? It is also interesting to note that before independence in 1947, January 26 was also celebrated as Independence Day. Here we are telling you about the interesting history of Republic Day.
Republic Day - History
The country got independence from the British on August 15, 1947, but the constitution of the country was implemented three years later on January 26, 1950, for which there were many reasons. After the country became independent, on November 26, 1949, the Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution. At the same time, on January 26, 1950, the constitution was implemented with a democratic system. India was declared a full republic on this day.
One of the main reasons for implementing the constitution on 26 January is that on this day in 1930, the Indian National Congress had declared the complete independence of the country. In 1929, under the chairmanship of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, a meeting was organized through the Indian National Congress, in which it was unanimously announced that the British government should give ‘Dominion Status’ to India by January 26, 1930. India’s Independence Day was celebrated for the first time on this day. Till independence on August 15, 1947, Independence Day was celebrated only on January 26.
First Celebration of Republic Day
India became a republic nation on January 26, 1950 at 10.18 am. Exactly 6 minutes after that, at 10:24, Dr. Rajendra Prasad took oath as the first President of India. On this day, for the first time, he came out of the Rashtrapati Bhavan in a buggy as the President, and this was followed by the Presidential drive along a five-mile route to the Irwin Stadium, where he unfurled the National Flag.
A salute of 21 guns and the unfurling of the Indian National Flag by Dr. Rajendra Prasad heralded the historic birth of the Indian Republic on that day. Thereafter 26th of January was decreed a national holiday and was recognised as the Republic Day of India.
Republic Day Celebrations
- The Republic Day program begins on January 24 with the announcement of the names of the children who will receive the National Bravery Awards.
- On the evening of 25 January, the eve of Republic Day, the President addresses the nation.
- The main event is held on 26 January. During this, a parade is taken out on the Kartvyapath which was earlier known as Rajpath.
- On 27 January, the Prime Minister interacts with the NCC cadets participating in the parade, and takes the parade salute.
- The Republic Day celebrations end on January 29 at the Rashtrapati Bhavan with a program called ‘Beating the Retreat’ on the Raisina Hills.